At OUCEA our team of researchers is responsible for delivering the PIRLS 2016 National Report for England. The team’s expertise will inform the construction of the National Report, ensuring that it is well integrated with current research in the field of international testing. PIRLS 2016 will be published in December 2017. The team has a record of research and publications relating to PIRLS.

Dr Therese N. Hopfenbeck is the PIRLS project manager at OUCEA. Her research interests are focused upon large-scale comparative assessments and the assessment of reading specifically.

Dr Joshua McGrane is specialized in the conceptual, empirical and statistical aspects of psychometrics and educational assessment.

Dr Jenny Lenkeit is an experienced quantitative researcher and is interested in educational inequalities and the relationship of instructional approaches and performance.

Dr Daniel Caro is an expert in advanced statistical techniques and his research interests include inequalities in assessment outcomes.

Jamie Stiff is a research assistant working with OUCEA. Prior to this, he completed his undergraduate degree in Experimental Psychology and his master’s degree in Education, both at the University of Oxford. He is particularly interested in the assessment of reading and numeracy abilities in primary education, and how international assessments impact on school and teacher practices.


Professor Jo-Anne Baird, Professor Art Graesser (University of Memphis) and Professor John de Jong (VU University of Amsterdam act as the PIRLS Research Advisory Group.




Progress in International Reading Literacy Study: PIRLS for Teachers (ESRC Impact Acceleration Award) (May 2015 – October 2016)



Lenkeit, J., Chan, J., Hopfenbeck, T.N., & Baird, J.-A. (2015) A review of the representation of PIRLS related research in scientific journals, Educational Research Review, 16, 102-115.

Lenkeit, J. & Burge, B. (2014) Analysis of the PIRLS 2011 data: Save the Children evidence report. Slough: NFER.

Caro. D.H. & Cortés, D. (2012) Measuring family socioeconomic status: An illustration using data from PIRLS 2006, IERI Monograph Series: Issues and Methodologies in Large-Scale Assessments, 5, 9-33.

Caro, D.H. & Lenkeit, J. (2012) An analytical approach to study educational inequalities: 10 hypothesis tests in PIRLS  2006International Journal of Research and Method in Education, 35 (1), 3-30.

Caro, D.H. & Mirazchiyski, P. (2012) Socioeconomic Gradients in Eastern European Countries: evidence from PIRLS 2006European Educational Research Journal, 11 (1), 96-110.

Lenkeit, J. (2012) How effective are educational systems? A value-added approach to study trends in PIRLSJERO Journal of Educational Research Online, 4 (2), 143-173.

Schwippert, K. & Lenkeit, J. (Eds) (2012) Progress in reading literacy in national and international context: The impact of PIRLS 2006 in 12 countries. Münster, Germany: Waxmann.