Professor Jo-Anne Baird

Professor Jo-Anne Baird is Director of the Department of Education, University of Oxford and a member of OUCEA. Her research interests focus upon assessment systems and recent projects include the effect of examination structures, predictability of examinations, marking quality and the definition of examination standards.

She was previously Director of OUCEA, Head of the Centre for Assessment and Learning at the University of Bristol and Head of Research at the Assessment and Qualifications Alliance. In 2016 she was appointed Standing Specialist Adviser on Education to the House of Commons Select Committee on Education and also Professor II at the University of Bergen, Norway. Jo-Anne is an Editor for Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice and for the Oxford Review of Education. Jo-Anne has a presence on and Twitter: @Baird_jo_anne.


Jo-Anne’s research interests include examination standards, policy and systemic aspects of assessment, e-assessment and human judgment in assessment. She was President of the Association for Educational Assessment – Europe from 2013 to 2015. In 2007, she co-edited the QCA-commissioned book, Techniques for monitoring the comparability of examinations. Jo-Anne is actively involved in the development of many assessment policies and practices, including some of the following roles in recent years: member of PISA 2018 Reading Framework Advisory Group for the Global Competency Framework, Member of OECD Technical Review Panel, Guideline Reviewer for International Test Commission, Member of Pearson Assessment Expert Panel, DCSF Independent Advisor to the Expert Group, Member of the DCSF 14-19 Expert Group, Member of the Single Level Test Evaluation Group, National Assessment Agency Independent Advisor on national curriculum standard setting, Chair of the Ofqual Technical Advisory Group for their research programme on examination reliability. She was formerly Lead Editor and is now an Executive Editor of the international research journal Assessment in Education: Principles, policy and practice.

Jo-Anne is interested in supervising research students in the following areas

  • standards
  • comparability and equating
  • rater effects
  • the relationship between assessment and learning
  • assessment policy
  • the philosophy of assessment

Recent Publications





  • Baird, J. (2014) Teachers’ views on assessment practices (Editorial), Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 21 (4), 361-364. Click here to download – the first 50 downloads are free.
  • Baird, J., Hopfenbeck, T.N., Newton, P., Stobart, G. & Steen-Utheim, A.T. (2014) State of the Field Review: Assessment and Learning. Report for the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for Education.
  • Baird, J. (2014) Assessment and Attitude (Editorial), Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 21 (2), 129-132. Click here to download – the first 50 downloads are free.
  • Baird, J. (2014) EditorialAssessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 21 (1), 1-3. Click here to download – the first 50 downloads are free.





2009 and earlier

  • Baird, J. (2008) Independent Adviser’s Report 2008. A report on the statutory assessment level setting process for the National Assessment Agency. National Assessment Agency Report, July.
  • Baird, J. (2009) Macro and micro influences on assessmentAssessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 16 (2), 127-129.
  • Baird, J., Chamberlain, S., Meadows, M., Royal-Dawson, L. & Taylor, R. (2009) Students’ views of stretch and challenge in A-level examinations. March.  Qualifications and Curriculum Authority Report.
  • Baird, J. & Coxell, A. (2009) Policy, Latent Error and Systemic Examination FailuresCADMO, XVII (2), 105-122.
  • Baird, J., Daly, A., Tremain, K. & Meadows, M. (2009) Stretch and challenge in A-level examinations: teachers’ views of the new assessments. March. Qualifications and Curriculum Authority Report.
  • Baird, J. & Lee-Kelley, L. (2009) The dearth of managerialism in the implementation of national assessment policyJournal of Education Policy, 24 (1), 55-81.
  • Baird, J., Oates, T., Patrick, H., Stobart, G.  Whetton, C., Blaker, P., Sandhu, K., Watson C. & Wood, A. (2008) Single Level Tests.  Interim Technical Report:  December 2007 Test Session. National Assessment Agency Report.
  • Baird, J. & Stobart, G. (2009) Conceptualising the Single Level Tests. National Assessment Agency Report.
  • Leckie, G., Royal-Dawson, L. & Baird, J. (2009)  Changes in the severity of marking as a function of number of scripts marked: Key Stage 3 English Writing Summer 2008 quality assurance data.  National Assessment Agency Report, February.
  • Royal-Dawson, L. & Baird, J. (2009) Is Teaching Experience Necessary for Reliable Scoring of Extended English Questions? Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 28 (2), 2-8.
  • Royal-Dawson, L, Leckie, G. & Baird, J. (2009) An Operational Report On Item Statistics For Standardisation & Benchmarking Data – 2008 National Curriculum Tests, for National Assessment Agency.
  • Newton, P.E., Stobart, G., Goldstein, H., Harlen, W., Baird, J. & Winter, J. (2008)  Return of the bibleAssessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 15 (3), 307–320. Special Issue: International Comparative Studies in Achievement.
  • Newton, P., Baird, J., Goldstein, H., Patrick, H. & Tymms, P. (Editors) (2007) Comparability of UK public examinations. QCA book publication.
  • Newton, P.E., Goldstein, H., Tymms, P. & Baird, J. (2007) What has England learned from decades of monitoring the comparability of examination standards?  Qualifications and Curriculum Authority Report.  September.
  • Pollitt, A., Ahmed, A., Baird, J., Tognolini, J. & Davidson, M.  (2008) Improving the quality of GCSE assessment. Qualifications and Curriculum Authority Report, January.



  • Professor

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